This post will explain pros and cons of java. Java has long been regarded as one of the most popular and effective programming languages available. Its many advantages and advantages enable programmers to easily handle challenging real-world situations. In the past and present, Java has contributed to the development of numerous pieces of software. As with all things, though, there are advantages and cons to everything, and Java is no exception. The pros and cons of utilising Java will be thoroughly discussed in this essay.
Pros and Cons of Java Complete Guide
In this article, you can know about pros and cons of java here are the details below;
The usage of Java as a programming language has several benefits. Let’s go over each of these advantages separately.
1. Java is Simple:
A simple programming language is one that is simple to understand and learn. One of the simplest programming languages to learn and use is Java, which has clear and simple-to-understand codes.
2. Java is an Object – Oriented Programming Language:
The particular that Java is an object oriented programming language is one of its key advantages. Procedural languages are notoriously difficult to use and implement. Java is more simpler to implement and lot safer when OOPs are used. Java can tackle practical difficulties thanks to OOPs ideas. By dividing huge code into smaller, named chunks, it also makes it easier to maintain.
3. Java Is a Secure Language
Pointers, which provide access to memory locations, are utilised in languages like C and C++. Pointers can allow for illegal memory access, which poses a security concern. In order to strengthen security and prevent unauthorised user access, Java also made use of OOPs concepts like encapsulation, abstraction, and inheritance.
4. Java is Cheap and economical to maintain:
Java is cheap and simple to create and maintain because of its straightforward structure. Because Java can operate on any computer, independent of the hardware, the cost of development is drastically reduced.
5. Java is Platform – independent:
Java adopts WORA’s features (Write Once Run Anywhere). Any other system that includes Java can run the Java programmes that were built for one system. Java is extremely flexible and platform-independent since its compatibility is not reliant on the operating system or hardware.
6. Java is High-Level Programming Language:
A high-level language, or human language, is used to create Java programmes. It has a few straightforward and simple syntaxes that are comparable to English. A Java interpreter translates the code into machine language so the computer can understand it.
7. Java supports portability feature:
The language Java is very adaptable. Java doesn’t need any specialised hardware to execute, and it is platform-independent. Because of this, Java is practically compatible with every gadget imaginable.
8. Java Provides Automatic Garbage Collection:
We have to make space available through the application in C or C++. The JVM automatically manages memory in Java. The JVM so automatically removes objects from the programme if they need to be dereferenced and don’t refer to any class, saving us from having to add any further code. Java therefore provides automated garbage collection.
9. Java supports Multithreading:
The most basic building block of a process is a thread. Multithreading is an important factor in achieving optimal CPU utilisation. Multithreading is supported by the programming language Java. Java enables us to operate multiple threads concurrently. They share memory, which improves the application’s effectiveness and performance. Running independently from one another is a thread. Also check scala vs java
10. Java is stable:
Java is updated frequently to fix issues. Java is hence among the most reliable programming languages available. Updates promptly eliminate almost all bugs. Java needs to be updated frequently because of this.
11. Java is a distributed language:
Java is a distributed programming language because it provides the ability to share files and programmes amongst numerous machines. This improves the system’s functionality and effectiveness.
Java (Remote Method Invocation), which enables distributed processing in Java, is likewise supported by this language. Due to its support for COBRA and socket programming, Java can also share objects in a distributed context.
12. Java Provides an efficient memory allocation strategy:
The heap region and stack area are the two basic divisions of memory in Java. According to the need, the JVM allocates memory from one of the two components. Effective memory management is facilitated by this.
13. Massive Community Support:
Since Java has been around for a while, more developers have chosen to use it than any other programming language worldwide. Java has been a relatively stable language over time because to this community and Oracle. Java has practically all questions answered in StackOverflow, unlike newer programming languages like C# or R, which aids engineers in debugging their code.
Cons to Java:
Although Java offers many pros, as we have seen, nothing in this world is flawless. Let’s look at each of the cons that Java has to offer separately.
1. Slow and Poor performance
Comparatively speaking, Java uses more memory than native programming languages like C and C++. Java is also slower than them since the interpreter has to do more work to translate the code into machine language. Numerous backend tasks carried out by the JVM slow down the software. Due to Java’s support for automatic garbage collection, it constantly runs in the background, affecting performance.
2. Poor GUI
When it comes to GUI, Java is notably outdated. Java’s inadequate GUI builder is unable to create complicated user interfaces. Swing, SWT, JavaFX, JSF, and many other frameworks are available in Java for designing GUIs. However, the development of these frameworks is insufficient to create sophisticated GUIs. Better GUI builders are available for modern languages like Python, R, C#, etc.
3. No backup Facility:
There are zero features in Java that can backup user data. The main emphasis is on data storage, however backup facilities are not provided to secure the data.
4. Significant memory space required
Comparatively speaking, Java uses more memory than C and C++. Java has a terrible memory management system. Although Java uses a garbage collector, the performance is negatively impacted. Also check java gui
5. Verbose and Complex code:
Java features a lot of verbose and intricate syntaxes. Those intricate syntaxes can be challenging to recall at times. Since of these factors, many programmers favour Python or C++ over Java because their phrases are much easier.
6. Paid Commercial License:
- Two lines of code would need to be written for a straightforward input:
- BufferedReader br=new (new InputStreamReader (System.in));
- num = int.parseInt(br.readLine());
- whereas the same thing may be expressed in just one line in C:
- We can see how java codes can become a little too complex as a result of this.
- Paying for a commercial licence
The commercial licence for Java 11 and later will cost money, according to a January 2019 announcement from Oracle. Up until that point, Java was a free programme. Because companies had to pay costs based on the quantity of systems to receive upgrades, this worried programmers a great deal. The usage of Java for general purposes is still free, but a price is required for development and to access all of Java’s capabilities.
Short lists of Java’s benefits and drawbacks are provided below:
We have seen that Java has benefits and drawbacks. Java has significantly fewer drawbacks than advantages, which is why so many programmers continue to think of it as the best programming language. For over 25 years now, it has dominated the programming industry.